Tag Archives: Regenerative Medicine

The Future of Regenerative Medicine

Personalized medicine is given a new perspective by bioengineering, and more specifically, tissue engineering. As already occurs with blood transfusions, bone marrow transplants, and autologous chondrocyte implantation to re-grow cartilage, the use of cells and treatments has become a powerful procedure to get the body to heal itself.Learn more by visiting orthopedic specialists near me

These techniques have paved the way for over 2000 clinical trials related to cell therapies, such as stem cells for ischaemic heart regions, Parkinson’s disease neural precursor cells, and oligodendrocytes from embryonic stem cells to treat spinal cord injuries.

Detecting the best pathway to move these cells is the key to success. Cell-based therapy is used to treat osteoarthritis of the knee, where cartilage and subchondral bone damage results in less fibro cartilage repair than the mechanical properties of articular cartilage. About 250,000 knee replacements are performed per year, with the majority of patients contracting acute degenerative joint disease. Since the cells have a propensity to form fibro cartilage and lose their round shape, injecting a suspension of autologous cultured chondrocytes into the problem area will not be efficient. The easiest way to treat osteoarthritis of the knee is to embed chondrocytes in the cartilaginous matrix, which wears away like cartilage.

When chondrocytes are encased in gels, their rounded shape is retained, and the properties of the gels can be managed to enable tissue regeneration. In order to hold up the cells, the mesh needs to be small enough and open enough to get water and nutrients. Similarly, at the correct rate, the gel structure must disintegrate so that the extracellular matrix secreted is not confined only to the region surrounding each chondrocyte.

Regenerative Medicine Details

Regenerative medicine refers to the “science of using living systems as a source for repair and restoration of tissue or organ function.” In essence it is the study of how “lived” tissue can be used to replace and/or improve the functioning of organs and tissues that have been damaged by disease, accident, radiation or some type of trauma. The field of regenerative medicine incorporates many other disciplines such as biotechnology and immunology. It also has an effect on many areas of research such as stem cell research, developmental biology, and adult stem cell research.Learn more by visiting Regenerative medicine near me

One of the most exciting areas of research is in the area of regenerative medicine treatments for diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. These are primarily caused by the degeneration of brain cells and the subsequent loss of myelin, which provides the nerve signals to the rest of the body. With the advent of new and innovative technologies and medical research that encourage the development of new and efficient ways of stimulating and improving the production of new myelin, scientists and researchers are optimistic about the prospects for treating and even reversing these diseases. Some of the promising stem cell research focuses on the use of a patient’s own stem cells to treat the disease; however, more research is required to determine whether this is effective. Another area focuses on the use of conventional medical treatments to promote the development of new myelin and the improvement of the health of patients with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease; however, there are no current studies in this area.

Other areas focus on other diseases and provide methods for the treatment of these and other diseases. One focus of research is in the field of rheumatoid arthritis. Studies are focusing on ways of promoting the growth of new cartilage in the body that has been damaged by rheumatoid arthritis in order to relieve some of the pain associated with this disease. In addition to treating arthritis, regenerative medicine treatments for conditions such as macular degeneration, spinal injuries, heart disease, stroke, cancer, Parkinson’s disease, infectious diseases such as herpes and HIV, and other diseases affecting the nervous system and extremities have all shown promise. With the application of techniques that utilize cells from the patient’s own body or stem cells taken from another human source, researchers hope that these treatments will provide significant improvements in these and other areas of health care.